The aim of this study is to describe the characteristics, survival and prognostic factors of a cohort of patients with bone metastases (BMs) from differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC).
This was a multicenter retrospective observational study including patients diagnosed with BMs from DTC between 1980 and 2021. A Cox regression was performed to study prognostic factors for 5- and 10-year survival. Kaplan–Meier and log-rank tests were performed for the survival analysis and comparison between groups.
Sixty-three patients were evaluated. Median follow-up from BM diagnosis was 35 (15–68) months. About 30 (48.4%) patients presented with synchronous BMs. Regarding histology, 38 (60.3%) had the papillary variant. BMs were multiple in 32 (50.8%) patients. The most frequent location was the spine (60.3%). Other metastases were present in 77.8%, mainly pulmonary (69.8%). Concerning treatment, 54 (85.9%) patients received I131, with BM uptake in 31 (49.2%) and 25 (39.7%) received treatment with multikinase inhibitors. Regarding complications, 34 (54%) patients had skeletal-related events, 34 (54%) died and 5- and 10-year overall survival was 42.4% and 20.4%, respectively. Significant prognostic factors in the multivariate analysis were the presence of lymph node involvement (hazard ratio (HR): 2.916; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.013–8.391; P = 0.047) and treatment with I131 (HR 0.214 (95% CI 0.069–0.665); P = 0.008) at 5 years, the presence of other metastases (HR 6.844. 95% CI 1.017–46.05; P = 0.048) and treatment with I131 (HR 0.23 (95% CI 0.058–0.913); P = 0.037) at 10 years.
Our study reflects the management of patients with bone metastases from differentiated thyroid carcinoma in real clinical practice in several centers in southern Spain. Overall survival at 5 and 10 years was lower in patients who were not treated with I131, had nodal involvement and/or had other metastases.
Up to 30% of differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) will develop advanced-stage disease (aDTC) with reduced overall survival (OS).
The aim of this study is to characterize initial diagnosis of aDTC, its therapeutic management, and prognosis in Spain and Portugal.
A multicentre, longitudinal, retrospective study of adult patients diagnosed with aDTC in the Iberian Peninsula was conducted between January 2007 and December 2012. Analyses of baseline characteristics and results of initial treatments, relapse- or progression-free survival ((RP)FS) from first DTC diagnosis, OS, and prognostic factors impacting the evolution of advanced disease were evaluated.
Two hundred and thirteen patients (median age: 63 years; 57% female) were eligible from 23 hospitals. Advanced disease presented at first diagnosis (de novo aDTC) included 54% of patients, while 46% had relapsed from early disease (recurrent/progressive eDTC). At initial stage, most patients received surgery (98%) and/or radioiodine (RAI) (89%), with no differences seen between median OS (95% CI) (10.4 (7.3–15.3) years) and median disease-specific-survival (95% CI) (11.1 (8.7–16.2) years; log-rank test P = 0.4737). Age at diagnosis being <55 years was associated with a lower risk of death (Wald chi-square (Wc-s) P < 0.0001), while a poor response to RAI to a higher risk of death ((Wc-s) P < 0.05). In the eDTC cohort, median (RP)FS (95% CI) was of 1.7 (1.0–2.0) years after RAI, with R0/R1 surgeries being the only common significant favourable factor for longer (RP)FS and time to aDTC ((Wc-s) P < 0.05).
Identification of early treatment-dependent prognostic factors for an unfavourable course of advanced disease is possible. An intensified therapeutic attitude may reverse this trend and should be considered in poor-performing patients. Prospective studies are required to confirm these findings.