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Helmi Khadra, Ahmed Deniwar, Khuzema Mohsin, Dominique Monlezun, and Emad Kandil

nodules include an initial comprehensive history and physical and a thorough initial clinical evaluation, which includes a cervical ultrasound (US). As the management of malignant thyroid nodules is mostly surgical, it should be differentiated from

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Irini S. Hadjisavva, Roberto Dina, Michael A. Talias, and Panayiotis A. Economides

malignant [ 3 , 5 , 6 , 7 ]. It is a simple, safe and most accurate method for selecting the patients who will need surgical resection or follow-up. Ultrasound-guided FNA (USgFNA) has improved diagnostic accuracy compared to FNA by palpation [ 8 , 9

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Sze May Ng, Mark A. Turner, and Shivaram Avula

development and thyroid function [ 6 ]. Thyroid ultrasonography and radionuclide scanning are the imaging modalities of choice in the assessment of thyroid gland in infants and children [ 7 ]. Thyroid ultrasound is non-invasive and is superior to radionuclide

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Tamas Solymosi, Laszlo Hegedüs, Steen Joop Bonnema, Andrea Frasoldati, Laszlo Jambor, Gabor Laszlo Kovacs, Enrico Papini, Karoly Rucz, Gilles Russ, Zsolt Karanyi, and Endre V. Nagy

Introduction For more than three decades, the cornerstones in the clinical management of patients with thyroid nodules have been ultrasound (US) and fine-needle aspiration (FNA) cytology [ 1 - 5 ]. Robust evidence demonstrates that the risk of

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Massimiliano Andrioli, Chiara Carzaniga, and Luca Persani

's thyroiditis. Pure cysts are always benign and appear anechoic. Hypoechogenicity, instead, is seldom reported in thyroid malignancies. Hypoechogenicity is thought to represent a cellular microfollicular histologic milieu, whereas the ultrasound appearance of

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Gilles Russ, Steen J. Bonnema, Murat Faik Erdogan, Cosimo Durante, Rose Ngu, and Laurence Leenhardt

clinical parameters, indications for FNA should be based on ultrasonographic malignancy risk stratification alongside clinical risk factors. Accuracy of Thyroid Ultrasound Features Certain features of thyroid nodules on ultrasound (US) are

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Gilles Russ, Sophie Leboulleux, Laurence Leenhardt, and Laszlo Hegedüs

]. Risk Stratification of Thyroid Incidentalomas with Ultrasound Can US be used as an accessible, simple and inexpensive tool to sort the wheat from the chaff among thyroid incidentalomas? Thyroid US was first used as a tool to measure, count and locate

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Silvia Turcios, Juan J. Lence-Anta, Jose-Luis Santana, Celia M. Pereda, Milagros Velasco, Mae Chappe, Idalmis Infante, Marlene Bustillo, Anabel García, Enora Clero, Stephane Maillard, Regla Rodriguez, Constance Xhaard, Yan Ren, Carole Rubino, Rosa M. Ortiz, and Florent de Vathaire

with thyroid cancer risk in a case-control study [ 12 ]. Thyroid volume was measured by ultrasound in half of the controls of the case-control study in order to understand the relationship between the determinants of thyroid volume and those of the

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Ernesto Maddaloni, Silvia Irina Briganti, Anna Crescenzi, Giuseppina Beretta Anguissola, Eleonora Perrella, Chiara Taffon, Andrea Palermo, Silvia Manfrini, Paolo Pozzilli, and Angelo Lauria Pantano

. Thyroid ultrasound (US) examination represents the gold standard for the stratification of thyroid lesions, determining the need for fine-needle aspiration (FNA). An improper use of FNA has the risk of increasing healthcare expenditures and even of

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Roussanka D. Kovatcheva, Alexander D. Shinkov, Inna D. Dimitrova, Ralitsa B. Ivanova, Kalin N. Vidinov, and Radina S. Ivanova

Introduction Thyroid nodules are a common clinical finding, usually asymptomatic. Epidemiologic studies report 19–68% prevalence of thyroid nodules diagnosed with high-resolution ultrasound (US) in the general population [ 1 ]. It is important