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Peter P.A. Smyth

Introduction Iodine was joined with seaweed at birth as Courtois in 1811 in France searching on behalf of his emperor for sources of nitrates to use in gunpowder found that seaweed when burned gave off a vapour. In 1813, Gay Lussac named this

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Eftychia G. Koukkou, Ioannis Ilias, Irene Mamalis, and Kostas B. Markou

. Perhaps this reflects the relatively low seaweed abundance around Greek shores [ 12 ]. These findings put into question the historical understanding that populations living in mountainous regions are more at risk of poor iodine status than populations

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Paneeraq Noahsen, Karsten F Rex, Inge Bülow Pedersen, Gert Mulvad, Hans Christian Florian-Sørensen, Michael Lynge Pedersen, and Stig Andersen

Greenlandic food items ( 4 ). The traditional Greenlandic diet includes iodine-rich seaweed ( 5 ), and previous studies have shown that intake of Greenlandic seaweed exceeded the iodine intake recommended by the WHO and a single meal caused a transient rise in

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Yi Pan, Kathleen L. Caldwell, Yan Li, Samuel P. Caudill, Mary E. Mortensen, Amir Makhmudov, and Robert L. Jones

synthesis and are essential to the developing fetal skeletal and central nervous systems [ 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 ]. Recommended amounts of iodine can be obtained by eating a variety of foods including fish, seaweed, dairy products and products made from grains as

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Hirosuke Danno, Eijun Nishihara, Kazuyoshi Kousaka, Tomohiko Nakamura, Toshihiko Kasahara, Takumi Kudo, Mitsuru Ito, Shuji Fukata, Mitsushige Nishikawa, and Akira Miyauchi

intake due to the ingestion of seaweeds is 1.2 mg/day in Japan . Thyroid . 2008 Jun ; 18 ( 6 ): 667 – 8 . 21 Kahaly GJ , Bartalena L , Hegedüs L , Leenhardt L , Poppe K , Pearce SH . 2018

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Emilio Fiore, Francesco Latrofa, and Paolo Vitti

seaweed and overcooked sea sponge [ 4 ]. A large number of studies have shown the effect of iodine supplementation on the epidemiology of goiter [ 5 , 6 , 7 ]. In two surveys conducted in Pescopagano [ 8 , 9 ], an Italian village with a previous moderate