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Toru Takano

Introduction Thyroid cancer in children is a rare disease found in only a few children in a million. Since the Great East Japan Earthquake and following the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Plant accident in 2011, many children in Fukushima, Japan

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Ralf Paschke, Silvia Cantara, Anna Crescenzi, Barbara Jarzab, Thomas J. Musholt, and Manuel Sobrinho Simoes

Introduction/Background Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) has high sensitivity and specificity in distinguishing benign from malignant thyroid lesions [ 1 ]. However, in 2–16% of cases cytology is not diagnostic [ 2 ], i.e., the material is

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Mario Monaco, Gennaro Chiappetta, Concetta Aiello, Antonella Federico, Romina Sepe, Daniela Russo, Alfredo Fusco, and Pierlorenzo Pallante

the CBX7 gene was drastically downregulated in thyroid carcinoma cell lines versus normal thyroid cells. Subsequently, we demonstrated that there is progressive reduction in CBX7 expression levels that was well related with the malignant grade of the

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Shigenobu Nagataki

Introduction A special report, ‘The Fukushima Accident’, was delivered at the 35th Annual Meeting of the European Thyroid Association in Krakow on September 11, 2011, and this study is the follow-up of the special report. In view of the

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Sze May Ng, Mark A. Turner, and Shivaram Avula

Introduction Neonatal thyroid ultrasonography has an important role in assessing thyroid anatomy in newborns with thyroid dysfunction. Hypothyroxinaemia of prematurity is also commonly reported among infants born prematurely and this is

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Theodora Pappa and Maria Alevizaki

TSH levels following the administration of metformin in patients with DM or polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). The clinical implication of a TSH-lowering property for metformin could be important as an adjunct in the pharmacological treatment of thyroid

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Alexis Lacout, Emmanuel Chamorey, Juliette Thariat, Mostafa El Hajjam, Carole Chevenet, Renaud Schiappa, and Pierre Yves Marcy

Introduction Thyroid carcinomas account for 1–1.5% of all cancers and have a pronounced female predominance (sex ratio F/M: 6–7 cases/1). The incidence of thyroid cancers is around 7.5 in females and 2.1 in males per year per 100

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Benjamin Lallemant, Guillaume Chambon, Camille Galy-Bernadoy, Héliette Chapuis, Anne-Marie Guedj, Huy Trang Pham, Jean-Gabriel Lallemant, and Damien Rupp

currently not properly organized in Europe. In this paper, we present the experience of our 23 first cases of transaxillary thyroid robotic surgery by the daVinci system using the surgical technique described by Kang et al. [ 1 ]. We report one of the

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Jandee Lee and Woong Youn Chung

Introduction The advantages of endoscopic over open surgery for thyroid diseases include reduced rates of hyperesthesia and paresthesia of the neck and highly improved cosmetic outcomes. The learning curve for endoscopic thyroidectomy with

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Kaoru Kobayashi, Mitsuyoshi Hirokawa, Tomonori Yabuta, Mitsuhiro Fukushima, Minoru Kihara, Yuuki Takamura, Yasuhiro Ito, Akihiro Miya, Nobuyuki Amino, and Akira Miyauchi

Introduction Ultrasonography and cytology are very useful for the diagnosis and management of patients with thyroid nodules [ 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 ]. Some researchers [ 5 , 6 , 7 , 8 ] reported that a solid hypoechoic appearance, irregular or